Oil and Products from Oil

This list of resources covers oil as a resource and the purification of oil by fractional distillation and cracking.

Students need to appreciate that crude oil is a very complex mixture of thousands of different substances, mainly hydrocarbons, and is of little use as crude oil itself. Students need to understand how fractional distillation is carried out in industry and the types of fractions produced and their uses. They also need to appreciate the relationship between molecular mass and physical properties such as boiling point, viscosity, flammability and colour.

Combustion of hydrocarbon based fuels is often included in this section of the syllabus and there are obvious links to be made here with atmospheric science and pollution due to the combustion of fossil fuels.

Whilst this list provides a source of information and ideas for experimental work, it is important to note that recommendations can date very quickly. Do NOT follow suggestions which conflict with current advice from CLEAPSS, SSERC or other recent safety guides. eLibrary users are responsible for ensuring that any activity, including practical work, which they carry out is consistent with current regulations related to Health and Safety and that they carry an appropriate risk assessment. Further information is provided in our Health and Safety guidance