# Skill 4: Data Representation

Produced by Gatsby Science Enhancement Programme, the resources in this section help students to develop their skills in representing scientific data.

Visual representations can help students to understand written scientific content and particularly texts that require complex, deep and abstract thinking. The activities in this skill area look at:

Visual representations
Exposes students to the different kinds of visuals, the similarities and differences between them, and the potential to gain new knowledge about and from visuals.

Symbols and signs
Students learn about the different components of visual representations and the meaning of common symbols and signs.

Tables
Students are familiarised with types of tables, their components, the information that can be drawn from them, and the conversion of verbal and numeric data into tables.

Graphs
Students consider the different varieties of graphs, the composition of a good graph and its components, the conversion of a data table into an appropriate graph. They learn the importance of presenting results in graphs in science.

There are trainer development materials associated with the delivery of these learning activities. They can be found at: LSS Skill Area 4 Training.

## Resources

### Skill 4.7 Learning from Tables

Produced by Gatsby Science Enhancement Programme, this activity gives students practise and experience in analysing complex tables.

Students interrogate information to provide answers to a number of questions. They are asked to write down a number of statements and conclusions that can be made from the table...

### Skill 4.8 Compiling Data into a Table

These activities, produced by Gatsby Science Enhancement Programme, help students to practise all the stages involved in transforming a text description into a suitable table. They are provided with a short text containing information on smoking rates.

Students have to make decisions regarding the structure...

### Skill 4.9 Interpreting Graphs

In this activity, produced by Gatsby Science Enhancement Programme, students are presented with a range of graphical information.

Students are presented with a graph about atmospheric oxygen levels at different altitudes. They are asked questions about the graph and also pose questions to their fellow...

### Skill 4.12 Designing Graphs

These activities, produced by Gatsby Science Enhancement Programme, challenge students to look at tabulated data and produce a suitable graph to emphasise the key findings of the data. Tables of information are supplied on different topics including human physiology, atmospheric composition on different planets and...