These resources have been reviewed and selected by STEM Learning’s team of education specialists for factual accuracy and relevance to teaching STEM subjects in UK schools.

Phases of the Moon

This resource, from the Royal Observatory Greenwich, challenges students to explain the phases of the Moon by linking the movement of the Moon around the Earth with our perspective from Earth of light and shadow on the Moon.

The two files are identical, apart from the curriculum links stated in the teachers' notes.

The equipment required is: Cut-out phases of the Moon (see page 5); an Earth and Moon diagram (see page 4); and foam ball on a stick and torch (for demonstration purposes).

When students have placed the correct phases beside the Moon positions the activity can be concluded with the “math the phase name to the picture” section beneath the cut-out phases.

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