This booklet describes the difference between climate and weather and provides experiments which look at what weather is, and why, how to observe it and how to apply these observations.
Part 1: lntroduction
Part 2: Practicals
Observations of the weather:
1. What is precipitation?
2. What is snow?
3. Where is frost found?
4. How far can you see?
5. Looking at clouds
6. Making cloud pictures
7. Plotting a thunderstorm
8. Plotting soil temperatures
Measurements of the weather
9. Measuring the pressure of the atmosphere - 1
10. Measuring the pressure of the atmosphere - 2
11. Measuring the pressure of the atmosphere - 3
12. Making a wind vane
13. Measuring the wind strength - 1
14. Measuring the wind strength - 2
15. Measuring the wind strength - 3
16. Measuring the humidity of the air - 1
17. Measuring humidity - 2
18. Finding the 'dew point' of the air
19. Measuring rainfall
20. Measuring snowfall
21. Investigating air temperatures
22. Using a 'minimax' thermometer
23. The temperature under glass
The weather station
24. What do people think of weather forecasts?
25. How accurate are weather forecasts?
26. A daily synoptic chart
27. 'Is air a body?'
28. Does air have weight?
29. Does air have a pressure?
30. Using air pressure
31. Hot air expands
32. Hot air rises
33. What happens to the temperature of expanding air?
34. How does evaporation affect the temperature of the surroundings?
35. Investigating evaporation and condensation
36. Does air contain water?
37. What is 'steam'?
38. A model of the water cycle
39. A model of saturated and supersaturated air
40. What is frost?
41. What is the structure of a hailstone?
Ideas for further work
42. Make a hot air balloon
43. Make a solar still
44. Investigate rate of cooling
45. Listening to thunder
46. Make a Stevenson screen
47. Cloud movies
48. The shipping forecast
49. The lunar phases
Part 3: Background
The water cycle
The Atlantic depression
The weather forecast areas
Suggestions for background reading