Theme 10: Structure and Forces

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This is one of twelve student books from Science in Process and covers areas of biology, physics and chemistry related to the theme of structure and forces. The resource aims to allow students to develop their scientific enquiry skills using this broad theme as a basis for a variety of student-led activities. The skills include observing, recording, presenting, inferring, interpreting graphs, hypothesising and predicting.

The fifteen double page spreads are presented alphabetically and were designed to be used in any order, either forming the basis of an entire course or to enrich an existing course. Although this student book was written for students aged 11 to 13, the level of demand and curriculum content of most of the activities would be suitable for Key Stage Two students or lower ability Key Stage Three students. The ‘cut out’ sheets referred to can be found in the Teacher's Resource Pack.

This theme has the following curriculum links:
1. Bridges – bridge design, breaking load, structure, cost
2. Concrete – comparing mortar and concrete, crushing test
3. Density – calculating density
4. Eros – alloys, x-rays
5. Friction – tyres, stopping distance, reducing friction, useful friction
6. Glues – flammable, toxic, vapour, comparing glues
7. Making new chemicals – mixtures, compounds, iron sulphide, iron, sulphur
8. Measuring forces – force meters
9. Metals – properties of metals, conduction
10. Plant cells – dyes from plant cells
11. Skeletons – comparing animal skeletons
12. Skin – structure of skin
13. Soil – comparing soils using drainage test, layer test, air test and a microscope
14. What things are made of – atoms, elements, Robert Boyle, Joseph Proust, John Dalton, history of discovery of elements
15. Wires – testing the springiness of metals

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