The Advanced Physics Project for Independent Learning (APPIL) was sponsored by the Inner London Education Authority and published by John Murray to support independent learning by students of advanced level physics. The resources covered three themes, with a student’s book for each of the units in each theme. Each theme had one starter unit and one or two second-level units. One of the themes was about the properties of materials.

The student's units provided programmes for independent learning. They were not intended to be textbooks. They were written as guides to using texts, experiments and other resources to help students to learn and study physics.

Each student unit starts with pre-requisites: what students should know, understand or be able to do before starting. In the starter units this takes the form of a test to check on previous work. The later units refer back to work already done during the course. Each unit is divided into sections which include the following:
(a) A summary of the topic including detailed statements of objectives
(b) Text which introduces the basic ideas and explains points which might be difficult
(c) References to books
(d) Full details of experiments
(e) Details of other activities
(f) Five different types of questions


Behaviour of Matter

This Advanced Physics Project for Independent Learning (APPIL) starter unit is concerned with the way in which materials behave. It examines the effect of heat, electrical forces and mechanical forces on materials and lays the foundation for further study in later units...

Thermal Properties

This Advanced Physics Project for Independent Learning (APPIL) second-level unit is a guide to the study of heat and some of the thermal properties of liquids, solids and gases. It was written to provide a coherent view of the theory involved in the thermal properties of matter, showing their historical context and...

Electronic Systems

This Advanced Physics Project for Independent Learning (APPIL) unit is one of the two second-level units for the theme called ‘Materials’. Topic 1 considers the important measuring devices associated with electrical and electronic circuits. Topic 2 deals with capacitors...

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