# Years 1& 2: Multiplication and division

This list consists of activities, games and videos designed to support the new curriculum programme of study in Years 5 and 6. Containing tips on using the resources and suggestions for further use it covers:

**Year 1**: Solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.

**Year 2**: Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and ten multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers, calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs, show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot, solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

Visit the primary mathematics webpage to access all lists.

## Links and Resources

### Arrays, Multiplication and Division

Arrays may help in the learning of multiplication and division in many ways, such as in building multiplication facts in a meaningful way. For example, showing the progressive addition of another column of two objects will allow children to build the two times table and see where it comes from. This visual image will help children in learning and using the times tables. The use of arrays may also be used when learning more formal methods in Key Stage Two.

### Compare Bears Maths - Book 2

These sheets introduce and practise the division models of sharing and grouping in a ‘hands on’ way. Activity sheets 13, 16 and 46 look at division by dividing given numbers into equal groups (sharing).

Grouping looks at how many groups of a given number you can make out of a number of items. This may be practised in sheets 48 and 50, which asks children to divide or group different numbers of bears into sets of 2 and note the number of sets this produces.

Sharing is usually the first way in which children learn about division, however grouping is good preparation for learning about division by repeated subtraction. It also links with the idea of division, as the inverse of multiplication.

Sheets 21, 49 and 52, 56, 57 and 58 and 80 provide opportunities to practise both seeing and writing various times tables.

### Interactive Teaching Programs 2

The** Grouping** **ITP** allows a display of up to 30 counters or shapes on the screen and a divisor to be selected in a division calculation. It is a great way of introducing division using pictorial representations, children could practise similar divisions using cubes, counters, bears and other items, then write the corresponding calculation. A number line displays a number to be divided. As individual counters or shapes are clicked and dragged to form a group the size of the divisor, they change colour. Once a group equal to the divisor is selected, it ‘jumps’ to the number line.

### Maths Chest 3 - Number: Pack 2

Topic 42 introduces and develops the concept of multiplication. Using numbers under 20 and generally less than 10 will help children to make firm mental images and develop their understanding of multiplication. When using objects to represent numbers it is important to use a variety, stars, blocks, bears and other items, as some children may think the object is important rather than the number the objects represent.

The notes contain ideas for small group and whole class activities and links to worksheets which consolidate ideas.

### Multiplication and Division KS1

A selection of problems, puzzles and games from NRICH designed for children to reason mathematically and solve problems. They contain notes on running the activities and solutions.

**Share Bears **is a nice way into exploring division by sharing bears between two or more people.

**Magic Plant **offers learners a context in which to practise doubling. It also gives children the opportunity to choose their own representation and recording methods.

### Number Invaders

Practise multiplication and division facts and save the planet from the number invaders! You can set the game to practise multiplication and can choose the times tables you wish to practise.

### Teaching written calculations: guidance for teachers at Key Stages One and Two

Pages 38-41 detail the introduction and development of multiplication and division at Key Stage One. Useful for new teachers, it highlights useful tips for teaching calculations effectively and to avoid children developing conceptual errors in later years.

Subject(s) | Mathematics |
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Tags | maths |

Age | 7-11 |

Last updated | 15 December 2015 |

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URL | https://www.stem.org.uk/lxgot |

Comments | 0 |