Years 3 & 4: Measures
This list consists of activities, games and videos designed to support the new curriculum programme of study in Years Three and Four. Containing tips on using the resources and suggestions for further use, it covers:
Year 3: measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml), perimeter of simple 2-D shapes, add and subtract money to give change, tell and write the time from an analogue clock using Roman numerals from I to XII, 12 and 24-hour clocks, estimate and read time to the nearest minute, record and compare time in seconds, minutes and hours, know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year, compare durations of events.
Year 4: Convert between different units of measure [for example, km to m], measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure(cm, m), find the area of shapes by counting squares, estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence, read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks, solve problems involving time.
Visit the primary mathematics webpage to access all lists.
Links and Resources
Book 1 provides several activity ideas and worksheets on finding the area and perimeter of shapes. It includes finding areas by counting squares and finding the length of perimeters by counting. It also helps to develop the formula for the area of a rectangle and drawing different shapes with a given perimeter. Some of the activities go beyond the content required at this level but may be used to extend and enrich learning.
More great interactives for the whiteboard.
Use the Tell the time ITP to show the time on analogue and digital clocks separately or together. The clocks can be moved around the screen and their sizes altered and the times can be adjusted in different intervals of time. A great introduction to telling the time or useful for a teacher led session with a small group of children.
The resource also contains an ITP Ruler which can be used to measure lines and the sides of shapes. There is a choice of rulers and five screens to use to demonstrate measuring length.
The Thermometer tool allows the scale, range and the interval markers on a thermometer to be changed and a slider control can be dragged up and down the length of the thermometer to set the height of the column. A second marker indicates the last reading so that comparisons can be made.
These ten topics provide numerous measurement activities on the areas of money, capacity, length, time, weight and area. It is an older resource but the content is still relevant today.
Topic 9 practises 'time past' and 'time to' the hour in multiples of 5 minutes as well as some problems involving time. The Time cubes is a lovely activity which will help children recognise and match the same time when written as digital, analogue and written in words.
The activities in topic 24 help develop calendar reading skills, including work on leap years and dates written in number form. It also helps children practise learning about am and pm when recording time.
The worksheets listed in the activity notes may be found here.
This video highlights two interesting ideas for teaching measure. In the first idea, a teacher provides a context for a problem involving measuring liquids - that of making a magic potion.
Making muffins for a competition provides a context in which children use scales to measure the ingredients as accurately as they can.
The interactive measuring cylinder and scales used in the clip can be found in the next resource.
When reading from scales, children may forget to look at what the intervals represent. The interactive measuring cylinder and measuring scales are a great way of demonstrating how to read scales of varying sizes and with different intervals. it could also be used for small groups practising reading scales.
The scale on the Measuring cylinder can be set to a maximum of 50, 100, 200, 500 or 1000 units and the scale interval to 1, 2, 5 or 10 units, so it can be used with children of varying abilities.
The Measuring scales allow different masses to be added to or taken from the scale pan. The pointer or hand, which can be hidden, shows the total mass. A red marker can be used to keep a track of previous values and to set target quantities.
A host of activity ideas all relating to measure, they could be used as extra activities to supplement learning.
Topic 28 looks at adding and subtracting money in the context of going shopping, so if you are setting up a shop in your classroom this could help! It is an older resource but you could easily alter products and prices to reflect the current market. The supplementary worksheets may be found here.
Measures counting stick and Converting measures show the conversions between metric units of capacity and mass, the starting number and steps to take along the stick can be selected. It also shows a conversion graph between miles and kilometres.
Money problems has three parts. The first is a starter to work out the value of nine coins of each denominations. The second and third involve Joe's Diner, where food items from a menu are selected and the total cost can be revealed.
Money problems 2 sets the scene of Jane's money box, where the amount of money Jane has can be selected. Students are then asked to state with reasons what coins there could be in the box. Guidance and possible questions are included.