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What Are Search Engines?

This 'concept card' explains search engines - *How they work, *What they do *How they rank results *Why they are important It relates knowledge of search engines to the requirements of the National Curriculum, and highlights specific activities that can help children to learn about these omnipresent, but mystical,...

What is HTML?

This 'concept card' explains HTML in simple terms. It includes: *Why and when HTML was invented by Tim Berners-Lee *How mark-up works using tags *What HTML looks like *How HTML documents are structured. Specific learning activities are also highlighted.

Computational Thinking Approaches

Five guides for teachers that help them develop classroom practice to encourage computational thinking. The approaches covered include:

*Tinkering - trying things out

*Creating - planning, making and evaluating things

*Debugging - finding out why things don't happen exactly as you want...

Make a Game Project

In this multi-lesson project pupils design and code a computer game. It uses a rainforest theme but can be adapted to any topic, with learners of varying age or ability. The project includes: *Decomposition of the elements of a game *Designing the game *Creating assets for the game, such as background images and...

Investigating Outputs

This activity helps children learn about computer systems and output devices. It relates these systems to those they encounter everyday, from headphones to printers and washing machine motors. They understand that programs make these devices function, and attempt a programming activity using Scratch and Lego WeDo....

ScratchJr Knock Knock Joke Activity

This Barefoot activity for young programmers exploits the sequencing and timing of joke-telling to help students learn good programming techniques. After planning an animation using a storyboard technique they then code it using the Scratch Jr app, and debug it. Tips for supporting the less able, as well as...

Patterns Unplugged Activity

This short unplugged activity, away from computers, introduces pattern recognition using familiar objects. Children are asked to analyse groups of objects (cats, cars and so on) to identify features common to all of them. Exceptions to the 'rules' are discussed, and parallels with writing computer programs are...

Viking Raid

This paired-programming activity from the Barefoot Computing project focusses on sequences in algorithms and programs.

Children create an animation of a Viking raid – ideally they will have previously studied Vikings but this is not crucial. A Scratch file is provided for the children to build on, containing...

Variables Unplugged

This activity away from the computer is from the Barefoot Computing project. It is intended to provide a theoretical understanding of why and how variables are used in computer programming, using the example of score-keeping in a classroom quiz. Involving several volunteers from the group, the activity uses...

Selecting Search Results

This Barefoot Computing primary school resource helps children to Understand how search engines work. By acting as a ‘web crawler’ and collecting information across a small selection of web pages, they learn what in data is indexed by search engines and how this is used when a search query is received. As well as...

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