Educational practices - teaching science

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What is science? Science is a way of knowing, a method of learning about nature. Rooted in common sense, its formal, systematic method is called scientific inquiry. In doing scientific inquiry, scientists use a variety of empirical approaches, techniques, and procedures to collect data from nature, examine and analyze that data, and construct knowledge based on it. This knowledge relates to living organisms, non-living matter, energy, and events that occur naturally. To analyze data scientists often, but not always, use mathematics, and they always apply logical arguments that obey strict empirical standards and healthy skepticism.

A sound education in science emphasizes that science is both a way of knowing and a body of knowledge; it also emphasizes integrating scientific inquiry with scientific knowledge. Much is known about teaching science effectively to learners of all ages. This knowledge comes from research and scholarship conducted in both developed and developing countries. The principles listed in this booklet are built on this extensive and growing body of research and focuses at subjects like: complexity of learning, construction of scientific knowledge, expectations for learning, students' anxieties and conflicts.

 

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Please be aware that resources have been published on the website in the form that they were originally supplied. This means that procedures reflect general practice and standards applicable at the time resources were produced and cannot be assumed to be acceptable today. Website users are fully responsible for ensuring that any activity, including practical work, which they carry out is in accordance with current regulations related to health and safety and that an appropriate risk assessment has been carried out.

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