These activities from Siemens allow students to apply concepts of energy transfer and conservation to building design by challenging them to design a mountain hut. The challenge is introduced using the video, which emphasises the wild and potentially inhospitable nature of the environment that people need shelter from. It also alludes to the negative impact of people on the environment by drawing attention to glaciers. After analysing how energy is lost from buildings through conduction, convection and radiation, students propose ways of reducing this heat loss. They then investigate the process of heat loss by the design, construction and use of physical models, considering the properties of different materials and their suitability for the purpose of constructing a model.

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