The Power Station Project is a simulated case study from the Science in Society series dealing with the various decisions that have to be made when a new power station is being planned. It was designed as an integral part of the Energy section of the Science in Society course. It is assumed that an Electricity Generating Board is to build a new 2000 MW power station in a certain (imaginary) area, and the object is to decide which type of station should be built - coal, oil or nuclear - and where it should be sited.

The main cognitive aims of the project are to make the students aware of the basic principles underlying the generation of electricity from its main conventional sources (coal, oil and nuclear energy), and emphasise various technical, economic, social and environmental factors that have to be taken into account when a new power station is being planned. It also aims to help students develop problem-solving and decision-making skills and competence in carrying out simple numerical calculations.

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