In this Nuffield Foundation resource, students explore the how humans have sought and used materials and energy throughout history. They learn that the current manufacturing system extracts raw materials, makes something useful and then disposes of it afterwards as waste. This take-make-dump model is not sustainable. Natural closed loop systems are sustainable because materials are always returned in cycles powered by sunshine. The challenge is to build a new societies and industries based on closed loop systems principles.
Background information can be found int he Nuffield STEM futures teachers' guide below.
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|Subject(s)||Cross curricular, Design and technology, Engineering, Mathematics, Science|
|Published||2010 to 2019|
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- Ellen MacArthur Foundation
- Nuffield Foundation