Animals, Food Chains & Adaptation 5-11

This is a list of resources specifically selected to support the Polar Explorer Project

Links and Resources

Animals Over Winter

Children will think about the different survival strategies animals in temperate regions employ in order to survive through the winter. Children will compare these strategies to adaptations exhibited by animals in the Polar Regions, and will identify the similarities and differences between the ways in which animals are adapted to survive the changing environmental conditions in winter.

publication year
2010 to 2019

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Adaptation -design a species

How do animals survive in different habitats?

This creative activity is designed to teach 7 to 11 year olds about the concept of adaptation – the process whereby a species evolves characteristics that enable it to survive in a particular habitat.

Using the marine environment as an example, children learn about how different species are adapted physically or behaviourally to survive in a particular type of habitat.

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Web of Wildlife (Age 7-11)

This resource, produced by ARKive, is designed to teach Key Stage Two children about food chains, food webs and interdependence in different habitats around the world. A presentation using high quality images introduces the structure of simple food chains, food webs and how different organisms within ecosystems depend on each other for food.

Children carry out activities in small groups to identify sort and construct food chains for five different habitats. These are British woodland, British coastal waters and the less familiar habitats of African savannah, Arctic tundra and Antarctic. There is also a key words activity in which children become familiar with the key scientific vocabulary used in the topic.

Included for each habitat are: activity worksheets, images of different species, information texts on species, examples of completed food webs and arrows for constructing food webs. There are also detailed teachers’ notes on how to run the activities.

publication year
2010 to 2019

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This resource supports learning about adaptation, looking at penguins in the Southern Ocean. Children describe the similarities and differences in the features of penguins and land birds and describe how penguins are adapted to their habitat. The lesson is introduced in a presentation featuring Lucy Quinn, a Zoology Field Assistant for the British Antarctic Survey, who talks about her work in this field.

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Following on from the previous resource this activity supports learning about evolution, asking children to define the terms evolution and extinction, penguin adaptations and explain how adaptation led to the evolution of penguins. The lesson is introduced by Lucy Quinn, a Zoology Field Assistant for the British Antarctic Survey.

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Lesson 1: What organisms live in the Arctic?

In this activity students develop their understanding of simple food chains or webs and scientific vocabulary through making an Arctic life mobile. They will also be introduced to the work of marine scientist, Dr Ceri Lewis, who has worked in the Arctic investigating the impact of environmental change on this fragile ecosystem.

The entire package of the Frozen Oceans primary resources is available here.

publication year
2010 to 2019

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Animals Over Winter (Age 7-11)

This resource, produced by ARKive, is designed to teach Key Stage Two children about the strategies animals adopt to survive winter in temperate zones and about the adaptations exhibited by animals in the polar regions.

Children compare these strategies and identify similarities and differences in the ways animals are adapted to survive throughout the winter. They then sort different animals according to whether they migrate, hibernate, store food or grow a thick coat in order to survive over winter.

The final activity involves looking at two case studies on species that are adapted to cold environments, then producing their own case study choosing from a given list of species. Included are a classroom presentation, activity sheet and answers, extension activity ideas and detailed teachers’ notes.

publication year
2010 to 2019

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