Seas and Oceans
This list supports the teaching of science through the topic of Seas and Oceans. Providing ideas and resources for linking aspects around Seas and Oceans to science topics such as: habitats, food chains, classification, skeletal structure, teeth, materials and possible affects on the environment.
Visit the primary resources for cross curricular topics webpage to access all resource lists:
Links and Resources
This is a booklet and resource for teachers to use which focuses on the topic of oceans, linking to areas such as adaptation, evolution, habitats, recycling, improving the environment and also identification and classification. This could be used as a full scheme of work resource or as one off individual lessons with a focus on one particular sea/ ocean or one area of the science curriculum e.g. adaptation in different seas.
This resource provides a basic set of 5 power points covering: classification, habitats, food chains, movement and adaptations which can be used in addition to the specified resources, as a plenary or as a starting point for the next lesson.
Children can study then compare and contrast the different habitats in the variety of seas and oceans around the world e.g. tropical sea e.g. Pacific Ocean V colder sea e.g. North Sea . This could then lead to discussion and adaptation work around how fish, mammals, birds etc adapt to survive in different environments. For the more able pupils this could then lead to further research into the characteristics of deep sea ecosystems and how those organisms survive in such deep sea conditions.
Children can often recall and understand simple land based food chains but often struggle to realise the differences in fresh/ salt water food chains or in warm /cold sea and ocean food chains. This resource explores the differences between a land based food chain starting with a green plant and a sea or ocean based food chain starting with seaweed etc.
This activity is designed to teach pupils about the concept of adaptation, using the marine environment as an example of how different species are adapted to survive in a particular type of habitat. Pupils can then design their own species adapted to a particular sea or ocean habitat.
This resource supports learning about classification in a marine environment. The children will have the opportunity to learn how to identify living, dead and non-living things and try grouping objects in different ways. They can then go on to classify living things using standard scientific groups, providing reasons and creating a key for classification.
The children can compare their estimates of a species’ length (those linked to a specific habitat/ocean or sea) to its actual dimensions and compare it to their own heights. This series of activities is designed to teach children about measurement and the different sizes of animal species in relation to their own. In the second activity, children research the height of different plant and animal species.
As the climate in the World is gradually changing and fears are spreading with regards to a sea level rise, this resource (set on a fictitious island coping with the devastating effects of flooding caused by climate change) enables pupils to use their skills to help them design and build a model of a flood- proof house. Activities to help them with their design include testing materials (for strength and absorbency) and structures.
This activity also suggests extension activities such as a discussion of environmental factors and habitat destruction by humans on particular habitats and species that live there.